The Autobiography of Malcolm X
As told to Alex Haley
The Autobiography of the life of Malcolm X, arguable one of the most influential African Americans in American History, is a thrilling story line, which takes you back to the profound changes in Malcolm Xs life.
The Story takes you back to the birth of Malcolm X on May 19th, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm grew up in an interesting household because his mother was of fair skin while his father was an African American speaker in the community who preached the ideal of Marcus Garvey and the unification of African Americans in united Africa. After having his Father brutally killed by white members of the community and having the police not hold those responsible, Malcolm moved around a fair bit, becoming a very different person. Later in Malcolm’s life he adopts the persona of Detroit Red. Malcolm sports Zoot suits and is regarded as a hustler or kind of a Pimp who experimented with drugs. After spending some time in jail Malcolm becomes more of the African American leader that we see him as today. After becoming a believer in the Nation of Islam and became a Civil liberties activist Malcolm X helped foster a civil rights movement. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage and shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at New York’s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm’s funeral in Harlem at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ on February 27, 1965. After the ceremony, friends took the shovels from the gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
Why is this book “dangerous?”:
This book was banned during the era of the Black Panther party and the Civil Rights movement because in the eyes of white America it promoted ideas of black equality and power with violence. At this time, white America was afraid of revolutionary thinkers at this time such as Martin Luther King Jr. and the majority of the world was against the Nation of Islam and felt it was a threat. Malcolm X was a revolutionary thinker who led African Americans to justice. I would recommend this book to any reader